Digital Truth

In our own image – Fred Richen – The Pixelated Press

  • The information is extremely out of date, so why do we read stuff that is out of date. Its because the things that we have now has come from the past. So we must understand what we have, to try and understand the shift in technology. It shows how things have changed in the images.
  • Immanuel Kant ((1724-1804) – interested in morals.
  • What is consequentialist? – locates the morality in the consequences of an act.
  • What is categorical? – locates morality in certain duties and rights

The camera never lies? it records light, shutter speed and aperture, we chose what to record and what not to record.

However with a stop in the camera you can change the the way the outcome looks. Photography allows us to have the power of representation. One stop can make something like an injury look worse than it actually is. This gives us the power to change a discussion or thought of a viewer.

Photo Montages

  • 1920s was the cubists experimented with montages
  • They refer to themselves as mechanics and used scissors and glue.
  • Sean Kilen uses his own photography as well as others to make a month
  • ‘when you cut up a photo you take a whole world with you’

John Stexaker – used postcards and photographs – ‘collage allows the opening up of the unconscious’


Industrial Photomontages

  • Clear lines and borders of images
  • The medium used is clear to see
  • Physical presence, and evidence of the ‘mechanic’

Digital photomontages

  • Breakdown of the borders- validity
  • The medium is information
  • The mechanic becomes the manipulator – using cut and paste

Kennard Phillips

“A collaboration working since 2002 to produce art in response to the invasion of Iraq”

Is it a real image if it has been put together?

Tony Blair in Iraq – you can see its not real due to lighting – but it could be at first glance


Nearly every single advert gets manipulated e.g skin teeth (lonesome advert got banned to due to a severe amount of manipulation of false advertisement. (Julia Roberts commercial)
julia-roberts-banned-photoshopped-ad-640x353This specific advertisement got banned for future publication due to false advertisement as Julia Roberts had been “overly perfected and unrealistic images” – Jo Swinson
More can be read about the campaign against the advertisement here :

  •  Context is king
  • The digital age is full of information.

Holger Merlitz

  • How do you decide what is real and what is not?
  • Believe the one with more information

Edward Hopper – Morning Sun – If you were to search in Google a lot of other peoples work comes up but a lot are recreation of the original. Edward Hoppers morning sun painting even though they are on legitimate website the colours can be extremely different from the original and sometimes people even crop the image of the painting. Everything online is only a representation of the original painting.
Is any of these the original?


  • We trust images that have less quality – it becomes more believable
  • Allison Jackson – news footage at front to make is more believable and looks more genuine.

Photographs by Iraqi children 2004 – Just give the cameras to the people and they will tell you what happens? Does that make professional photography not as important or false? NO!!! There is always a place for a professional photographer.



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