The official definition of fine art is
‘the use of skill and imagination in the creation of aesthetic objects, environments, or experience.s that can be shared with other’.
This may be true but can fine art really be defined? There are no words to define fine art, every opinion made towards a piece of art work, whether this a painting or sculture can be contradicted. If someone says a piece of art is bad, someone else could easily come along and say its good, this then causes controversy to take place.
So when did Fine Art start?
Cave paintings are known to be the earliest form of art in history. They were created from dirt or charcoal mixed with spit or animal fat. They were known to have used multiple techniques such as brushing, smearing, dabbing, and spraying.
Due to multiple images being scattered along the walls, it makes it hard to read. However the one above we talked about during our lecture. The hands represent the people, smaller hands are children and larger hands are adults. The ‘Criss-Cross’ that is patterned across the entire image represent fishing nets. For the hands they would have used the spray techniques in which they would place there hand on the wall and spray the paste through a hollow bone over there hand.
Fine Art started to change over the years making us question what fine art is. Such as Chris Oﬁli piece of work known as ‘The Holy Virgin Mary’. This certain piece of ‘Art’ caused so much controversy and uproar that a court case was held against the Brooklyn Museum for exhibiting the work in 1999. The reason why it caused so many problems was that it was a piece of work representing the ‘Virgin Mary’ in which Chris decided to throw Elephant dung at the piece of work. But that was not the only problem as when you look at the work, she looks as if she is surrounded by butterflies, but as you look closer you begin to realise they are actually the female genitalia. Christian’s found this extremely offensive even though he himself was a Christian.
As photography started coming around, it switchd fine art around as Photography started to influence painters. Such as George Shaw’s work ‘ Shut Up 2001’. This painting would never have happened if Photography was never introduced to the world.
Photography continued to influence art as an experiment started to take place in 1877 by Eadweard Muybridge. He chose to photograph horses at a race, in which an amazing discovery took place. Paintings of horses were very inaccurate in which they would be painted in mid sprint in which all four legs would be off of the ground, however he took a series of photographs to show the motions of movement a horse made whilst running. Paintings were of horses were never painted the same again after his motion discovery.
The Epsom Derby 1821 – Gericault
Motion Studies 1877 – Eadweard Muybridge
So what is fine art ….